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Nine Migrated Capitals

June 27, 2014, in Interesting
For a variety of reasons sometimes countries change their capitals. Here is a list of nine such cases. Can you told us other cases of transfer of the capital from one city to another?

1. Bonn - Berlin, Germany, 1991

When Germany was divided after World War II on the East and West Germany, each had its own capital - Bonn in the west and Berlin to the east. For reunification after the collapse of the communist Soviet bloc, the German government returned to the traditional residence in Berlin.

2. Rio de Janeiro - Brasilia, Brazil, 1960

Rio was the capital of Brazil from the time the Portuguese colonized Brazil. Brazilians have decided to create a new capital, located in the center of their vast country without historical baggage based in the city.

3. Kolkata - Delhi - New Delhi, India, in 1912 and 1931

New Delhi is, in fact, a new city built within the boundaries of Delhi, which is rather a region or area called 'metropolitan area'.

4. Paris - Vichy - Paris, France, in 1940 and 1944

When Germany invaded France in 1940, the government moved in Vichy. In 1944, when the Allies liberated Paris, city again regained its role as the capital of France.

5. Kingston - Montreal - Ottawa, Canada, in 1844 and 1857

Queen Victoria herself decided to move the Canadian capital of Ottawa, when Canada was still a province of the United Kingdom. When Canada gained independence in 1867, the capital remained in Ottawa, a city with a population of over 1.2 million people.

6. Kyoto - Tokyo, Japan, 1869

Kyoto was the capital of Japan for over 1,000 years, when the 17-year-old Emperor Meiji decided to make the capital at city Edo and renamed it in Tokyo. Tokyo population currently stands at about 35 million people. Interesting fact: Kyoto was spared the fate of the nuclear target in 1945 because of its historical significance.

7. Moscow - St. Petersburg - Moscow, Russia, in 1713 and 1918

Tsar Peter the Great moved the capital of the Russian Empire from Moscow in his new city, and city remained the national capital until the Bolshevik revolution did not happen when the capital back to Moscow. At the same time St. Petersburg was renamed to Petrograd in 1918, then to Leningrad in 1924, and returned to its original name only in 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed.

8. Constantinople - Ankara, Turkey, 1923

After the First World War, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the founding of modern Turkey Turks moved the national capital to Ankara, a city whose metropolitan population is now around 4.5 million people. Interesting fact: the population of the former capital, Constantinople, now known as Istanbul, is 14 million people.

9. New York - Washington DC, USA, 1790

New York served as the capital of the country, under the Articles of Confederation, and later as the first capital under the Constitution in 1789-1790-th years before Washington, DC, was founded.
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